Parsonage Moor

Parsonage Moor by Jim Asher

A fenland wilderness rich in botanical gems, moths and dragonflies.

Location

Cothill
3 miles north-west of Abingdon
Oxfordshire
OX13 6JW

OS Map Reference

SU461997
A static map of Parsonage Moor

Know before you go

Size
6 hectares

Entry fee

No

Parking information

Park at Dry Sandford Pit Reserve car park; walk west to Cothill village and take footpath on right (String Lane) opposite the Merry Miller pub for 0.25 miles.

Grazing animals

Yes

Access

Flat; wet ground; boardwalks, kissing gate

Dogs

Guide dogs only

When to visit

Opening times

Open at all times

Best time to visit

March to August

About the reserve

Wetland wonders

This atmospheric fenland reserve is particularly rich in plants for its size - more than 300 different species have been recorded here. The carefully managed fen, a nationally rare habitat, is fed by several springs. The tussocky landscape includes an abundance of black bog-rush and blunt-flowered rush and many uncommon fenland mosses. Other wetland habitats are large areas of reedbed, open water, wet woodland and ancient woodland, made up of alders and willows. There is also an area of ancient woodland.

Fenland flowers

Extensive areas of peat, fed by limey water, have resulted in a mix of soils and plants. Unusually, there are both 'lime-loving' and 'lime-hating' plants here. Many orchids can be seen including southern marsh-orchid and the nationally-scarce narrow-leaved marsh orchid, all lime-loving flowers. Many small sedges can be found here, including long-stalked yellow-sedge. Another lime-hater, the graceful grass-of-Parnassus, produces large white flowers on a single stem in August and September.

Predatory plants

Among the lime-hating plants are some intriguing insectivorous species. Butterwort is the most common of these and has violet-like flowers and traps insects on its sticky, yellow-green leaves, while bladderwort traps insects underwater. This site is also excellent for birds and insects. Look out for the day-flying scarlet tiger moth, and dragonflies and damselflies, including the nationally-rare southern damselfly. Rare soldier flies are also found here including the clubbed general and silver colonel. 

Ruskin Reserve, a Rothschild Reserve

In May 1912, the banker and expert naturalist, Charles Rothschild founded the Society for Promotion of Nature Reserves – the organisation that would become the Wildlife Trusts. His vision was to identify and protect the best places for wildlife, and these became known as Rothschild Reserves. Parsonage Moor is part of what Oxford botanists at the time knew as the Ruskin Reserve.

Things to do

Explore Cothill Fen, which includes Parsonage Moor, one of the most diverse wildlife areas in Oxfordshire, by downloading our circular walk leaflet

Contact us

Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust (BBOWT)
Contact number: 01865 775476
Contact email: info@bbowt.org.uk

Environmental designation

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)