Bernwood Meadows by Peter Creed
Traditional hay meadows from yesteryear, brimming with wild flowers and insects including green-winged orchids and forester moths.
This is a wonderful nature reserve to visit from April to early July when the wild flowers are in bloom and butterflies abound. Over 100 plant species have been recorded here thanks to BBOWT's careful management, and it is worth just standing quietly for a moment to take in the buzz and hum of the insects and the spectrum of colour. Don't leave it too late to visit though, as between July and August hay is cut to encourage the growth of next year's flowers.
A natural paintbox
Lady's bedstraw with its clusters of tiny yellow flowers is scattered across the meadows. Green-winged orchids - now uncommon due to the widespread drainage of wet meadows - flourish here in their thousands. Plant communities reflect differences in the soil below. While wetter furrows support damp-loving rushes, meadowsweet and cuckooflower, the drier ridges have species such as meadow buttercup.
Butterfly and moth heaven
These meadows are also famous for the quantity and variety of butterflies. Carefully managed ancient hedgerows support the rare black and brown hairstreak butterflies. Grassland butterflies include the marbled white, meadow brown, small copper and the dainty common blue. Many day-flying moths can also be seen here, including the burnet companion and the distinctive metallic green forester moth.
This reserve is part of our Bernwood Forest project: a five-year project to enhance and recreate the woodland, meadow and hedgerow habitats across five BBOWT nature reserves on the Buckinghamshire-Oxfordshire border.
Things to do
- Volunteer with our Bernwood Forest work party
- Help us manage this reserve by supporting us
- Tweet your wildlife sightings to @BBOWT_Bernwood and @BBOWT
- Sign up to our e-newsletter
- For the Forestry Commission's 'Butterfly Trail' leave the far end of the reserve and follow the signs.
Download the site assessment.
Share your Bernwood Meadows photographs with us! Add them to our Flickr group, and tag them with 'bernwood meadows'.
Species and habitats
- Adder's-tongue Fern, Knapweed or Black Knapweed, Common Spotted orchid, Cowslip, Cuckooflower, Green-winged Orchid, Lady's Bedstraw, Oxeye Daisy, Yellow-rattle, Black hairstreak, Brimstone, Brown Hairstreak, Common Blue, Gatekeeper, Grizzled skipper, Marbled White, Meadow Brown, Orange-tip, Small Copper, Blackcap, Kestrel, Brown Hare